Different type of dentistry | Kerwin Street Dentist

The different types of dentistry and how each type can benefit you and your family

There’s More to Dentistry than Meets the Tooth

When people think of dentists, they often think of one person who will help them overcome their dental and oral problems.

What many people don’t realise though is that there are several different types of dentistry. Each one deals with different aspects of dental treatment and requires specialised training and education.

In many cases, your family dentist (or general dentist) will refer you to a specialist if you’re suffering from a problem that they cannot fix or requires specialised treatment.

The different dentists all work together to offer you the best dental treatment for your oral issues, so you can have the best smile possible.

At Kerwin Street Dental in Cairns, we have a number of specialists trained in different areas of dentistry to help you with any specialised treatments you may require. They work together to identify and correct complex problems, so you can continue living the best life with your best smile!

What are the different types of dentistry?

There are several types of dentistry, each one focusing on different areas of the mouth and dental conditions. Here is a run-down of the different types and how each one can help you:

  • General Dentistry – This refers to your primary dental care. General dentists are the ones you visit on a regular basis for a variety of traditional oral issues. Their duties include examining your teeth and mouth (even conducting x-rays), offering professional cleaning, teeth whitening, extractions, gum care, root canals, bridges, fillings, crowns, etc. They will also offer you advice on preventative care, such as how to brush and floss properly so you can maintain your teeth’s good and clean condition for years to come. If you are suffering from a more complex problem, your dentist will refer you to a specialist who is better equipped and trained to help you.
  • Endodontic Dentistry – An endodontist specialises in caring for and treating the soft tissue of a tooth (a network of passages containing blood vessels and nerves) known as the pulp. Endodontists perform complicated root canal surgeries, apicoectomies (where infected tissue is removed from the tip of the tooth’s root), and endodontic re-treatment (if a previous root canal has failed). Whilst your general dentist will also be able to perform a standard root canal, endodontists are often called upon if there is non-specific tooth pain, a complication arises, you have experienced a knocked-out or fractured tooth or are experiencing pain from pulp inflammation.
  • Orthodontic Dentistry – Orthodontists specialise in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of dental problems related to the teeth and jaw. Their duties include straightening teeth and jaws, correcting their positions, correcting bites (malocclusion), and remedying skeletal abnormalities in the mouth area of the face. You may require teeth straightening if your teeth are misaligned (crooked) and crowded (caused by an inadequate amount of space in the jaw). Your orthodontist will also help with malocclusion which can be caused by the upper and lower jaws not fitting together properly. Orthodontists use several orthodontic devices such braces, aligners, headgears, palatal expanders, etc. as part of an overall treatment plan designed to correct your bite and smile for a more flawless look and smile
  • Prosthodontic Dentistry – This is a dental speciality focused on the restoration or replacement of damaged or lost teeth. Prosthodontics also involves the gums, lips, and facial features. Prosthodontists employ various different dental prostheses to help their patients which include porcelain veneers, crowns, fixed bridges, dental implants, dentures, etc. They can also perform oral cancer screenings and minor dental surgeries to enhance the appearance of or restore teeth (and jaws) after a traumatic injury to the mouth. Due to their additional education and specialised training, prosthodontists are usually in charge of a team of dental professionals who all work together to carry out a smile makeover (where several different dental and oral problems are corrected to form a beautiful smile).
  • Paediatric Dentistry – This form of dentistry refers to the oral and dental care of a child. These dentists are similar to general dentists with the exception that they only work with children. They offer teeth cleaning, diagnosis, and treatment for a child’s oral problems. Paediatric dentists work with children between the ages of 6 months and 18 years of age. They are also trained in how to interact with and treat children to make any dental visits as easy and painless as possible.
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery – These surgeons specialise in diagnosing and treating problems related to the hard and soft tissues of the mouth, jaw, and face. You are often referred to one if you require a complex tooth extraction or if there is a severe misalignment of your jaw. They are trained in emergency medicine, general surgery, and anaesthesiology making them qualified to perform complicated dental surgery. Some of the procedures they can perform are complex tooth extraction (especially when wisdom teeth are impacted), corrective jaw surgery, cleft lip/palate surgery, etc. Whether you require the repair and reconstruction of facial structures or are experiencing issues with the hard and soft tissues of your mouth, jaw or face, an oral and maxillofacial surgeon will be able to help you.
  • Periodontal Dentistry – This specialty focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases which affect your gums and the other structures which support your teeth. Periodontists specialise in restoring diseased or damaged tissues so that you can keep your natural teeth for as long as possible. A periodontist’s duties include the early diagnosis and treatment of gum inflammation, performing minor surgery to remedy complex cases of periodontitis, placing dental implants in the jaw, and restoring your smile by using lasers or gum grafting techniques (to cover up an exposed tooth’s roots which is caused by receding gums).

Different types of dentistry are offered at Kerwin Street Dental

Kerwin Street Dental in Cairns offers several types of dentistry to help you and your family get your best smile yet.

Our skilled staff are highly trained to help remedy any oral or dental problems you may be experiencing which may be stopping you from always smiling and living a healthy and happy life.

Kerwin Street Dental | Cairns

If you would like to learn more about how our group of dental professionals can help you or would like to book an appointment call us on (07) 4031 2134 or complete the form on our Contact Us page today.

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Contact Details

1 Kerwin Street, Cairns QLD 4870

(07) 4031 2134

Opening Hours

Monday - Thursday 9am to 5:30pm
Friday 9am to 4:00pm

Areas we service

North Cairns




Central Cairns


Cairns CBD